MATLAB® is dynamically typed which means that variables do not have a declared type and can hold different types of values. However, values always belong to a specific type and it is always possible for a program to query the class and size of a variable’s current value.
Function input arguments are variables in the function workspace whose values come from the calling code or command-line users. When functions are widely used by others, it is important to check that the input values match the values expected by the code in the function.
Argument checking allows the function to provide more useful information when input values are unexpected and the function is unable to perform as intended. MATLAB provides several solutions to simplify the process of checking and processing function inputs.
Many functions in MATLAB use one of these patterns for input arguments:
One or more required input arguments
One or more required input arguments followed by one or more optional input arguments
One of the previous patterns followed by name-value pairs
An effective way to implement these common patterns is to declare the arguments using a function
arguments block, as described in Function Argument Validation. This syntax is new as of release R2019b and does not work in earlier releases.
Function argument validation is a way to declare specific restrictions on function input arguments. It enables you to constrain the class, size, and other aspects of function input values without writing code in the body of the function to perform these tests.
validateattributes function enables you to verify that the inputs to a function conform to a set of requirements. Call
validateattributes for each input argument with parameters specifying argument requirements.
For complex function signatures, an
inputParser object can be used programmatically to express requirements on input arguments. An input parser parses and validates a set of inputs.