Yes, the output Euler of the 'Euler Angles' block is different than the output Euler of the 'Quaternions' block, especially the Pitch (Theta) component of Euler. Theta, from the Quaternion block, is actually limited in range from [-90, +90] degrees.
The difference occurs because of the way the Quaternions block determines the Pitch angle. If you look under the mask, you will see that the Quaternions block calculates the four parameters (e0,e1,e2,e3). These four quaternions are then converted into euler angles. The euler angle Theta (pitch) is caluclated by
theta = asin(e1*e3-e2*e0)
Where 'asin' is a MATLAB function which gives the arc sin or the sin inverse. The range of this function is [-pi/2, pi/2] radians. That is why you see the theta limited in a range from [-90 +90] degrees.
Therefore, the way in which you visualize the output pitch is diffferent.