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General CRC Syndrome Detector HDL Optimized

Detect errors in input data using CRC

  • Library:
  • Communications Toolbox HDL Support / Error Detection and Correction / CRC

    Communications Toolbox / Error Detection and Correction / CRC

  • General CRC Syndrome Detector HDL Optimized block

Description

The General CRC Syndrome Detector HDL Optimized block performs a cyclic redundancy check (CRC) on data and compares the resulting checksum with the appended checksum. The General CRC Syndrome Detector HDL Optimized block processing is optimized for HDL code generation. If the two checksums do not match, the block reports an error. Instead of processing an entire frame at once, the block accepts and returns a data sample stream with accompanying control signals. The control signals indicate the validity of the samples and the boundaries of the frame. To achieve higher throughput, the block accepts vector data up to the CRC length and implements a parallel architecture.

Ports

Input

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Input data, specified as one of these options.

  • Scalar – Specify an integer representing several bits. For this case, the block supports an unsigned integer (uint8, uint16, or uint32) or fixdt(0,N,0) data type.

  • Vector – Specify a vector of binary values. For this case, the block supports a double or Boolean data type.

The data width must be less than or equal to the CRC length, and the CRC length must be divisible by the data width. For CRC-CCITT/CRC-16, the valid data widths are 16, 8, 4, 2, and 1.

Example: The uint8 vector input [0 0 0 1 0 0 1 1] is equivalent to 19.

Data Types: double | uint8 | uint16 | uint32 | fixed point | Boolean

Start of input frame indicator, specified as a Boolean scalar.

Data Types: Boolean

End of input frame indicator, specified as a Boolean scalar.

Data Types: Boolean

Valid input data indicator, specified as a Boolean scalar.

This a control signal that indicates if the data on the dataIn port is valid.

Data Types: Boolean

Output

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Output data, returned as a scalar or vector. The output data type and size are the same as the input data.

Data Types: double | uint8 | uint16 | uint32 | Boolean | fixed point

Start of output frame indicator, returned as a Boolean scalar.

Data Types: Boolean

End of output frame indicator, returned as a Boolean scalar.

Data Types: Boolean

Valid output data indicator, returned as a Boolean scalar.

This is a control signal that indicates if the data on the dataOut port is valid.

Data Types: Boolean

Error indicator for the corruption of the received data, returned as a Boolean scalar.

When this value is 1, the message contains at least one error. When this value is 0, the message contains zero errors.

Data Types: Boolean

Parameters

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Specify the generator polynomial as a binary vector with coefficients in descending order of powers. The vector length is equal to the degree of the polynomial plus 1.

Specify initial conditions of the internal shift register as a binary, double-precision, or single-precision scalar or vector. For vector inputs, the length of the initial state must be equal to the degree of the generator polynomial.

Specify the method of calculating checksum as a Boolean scalar.

  • Select this parameter to use the direct algorithm for CRC checksum calculations.

  • Clear this parameter to use the nondirect algorithm for CRC checksum calculations.

To learn about the direct and non-direct algorithms, see Cyclic Redundancy Check Codes.

Specify the input byte order.

  • Select this parameter for the block to flip each input byte before it enters the shift register.

  • Clear this parameter for the block to pass the message data to the shift register unchanged.

The input data width must be a multiple of 8.

Specify the checksum byte order.

  • Select this parameter for the block to flip each checksum byte before passing it to the final XOR stage.

  • Clear this parameter for the block to pass the checksum byte to the final XOR stage unchanged.

The input data width must be a multiple of 8.

Specify the checksum as a binary, double-precision, or single-precision data type scalar or vector. The block performs XOR operation on the CRC checksum with this value before appending it to the input data.

If you specify a vector input, the vector length must be equal to the degree of the generator polynomial.

Algorithms

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When you use vector or integer input, the block implements a parallel CRC algorithm [1].

To provide high throughput for modern communications systems, the block implements the CRC algorithm with a parallel architecture. This architecture recursively calculates M bits of a CRC checksum for each W input bits. At the end of the frame, the final checksum result is appended to the message. For a polynomial length of M, the recursive checksum calculation for W bits in parallel is

X'=FW(×)X(+)D.

FW is an M-by-M matrix that selects elements of the current state for the polynomial calculation with the new input bits. D is an M-element vector that provides the new input bits, ordered in relation to the generator polynomial and padded with zeros. The block implements the (×) with logical AND and (+) with logical XOR.

References

[1] Campobello, G., G. Patane, and M. Russo. “Parallel Crc Realization.” IEEE Transactions on Computers 52, no. 10 (October 2003): 1312–19. https://doi.org/10.1109/TC.2003.1234528.

Extended Capabilities

Introduced in R2012b