List of references for further reading about measurements used in analysis of communications systems bit error rate performance.
 Proakis, John G. Digital Communications. 4th ed. New York: McGraw Hill, 2001.
 Simon, M. K., and M. S. Alouini. Digital Communication over Fading Channels: A Unified Approach to Performance Analysis. 1st ed. New York: John Wiley & Sons, 2000.
 Simon, M. K. "On the bit-error probability of differentially encoded QPSK and offset QPSK in the presence of carrier synchronization," IEEE Transactions on Communications, vol. 54, no. 5 (May 2006): 806-812, https://doi.org/10.1109/TCOMM.2006.874002.
 Lee, P. J. "Computation of the Bit Error Rate of Coherent M-ary PSK with Gray Code Bit Mapping," IEEE Transactions on Communications, vol. 34, no. 5 (May 1986): 488-491, https://doi: 10.1109/TCOM.1986.1096558.
 Cho, K., and D. Yoon. "On the general BER expression of one- and two-dimensional amplitude modulations," IEEE Transactions on Communications, vol. 50, no. 7 (July 2002): 1074-1080, https://doi.org/10.1109/TCOMM.2002.800818.
 Simon, M. K., S. M. Hinedi, and W. C. Lindsey. Digital Communication Techniques – Signal Design and Detection. Upper Saddle River, N.J. Prentice-Hall, 1995.
 Sklar, Bernard. Digital Communications: Fundamentals and Applications. 2nd ed. Upper Saddle River, N.J: Prentice-Hall PTR, 2001.
 Lindsey, W. C. "Error probabilities for Rician fading multichannel reception of binary and N-ary signals," IEEE Trans. Inform. Theory, vol. IT-10, (1964): 339-350.
 Odenwalder, J. P. Error Control Coding Handbook, Final Report, LINKABIT Corporation, San Diego, CA: 1976.
 Gulliver, T. A. "Matching Q-ary Reed-Solomon codes with M-ary modulation," IEEE Transactions on Communications, vol. 45, no. 11, pp. 1349-1353, Nov. 1997, doi: 10.1109/26.649739.
 Jeruchim, Michel C., Philip Balaban, and K. Sam Shanmugan. Simulation of Communication Systems. Second edition. Boston, MA: Springer US, 2000.
 Frenger, P., P. Orten, and T. Ottosson. “Convolutional Codes with Optimum Distance Spectrum.” IEEE Communications Letters 3, no. 11 (November 1999): 317–19. https://doi.org/10.1109/4234.803468.
 Stiffler, J. J. Theory of Synchronous Communications. Englewood Cliffs, NJ.: Prentice-Hall, 1971.