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Generate MATLAB code for tunable gain surfaces



code = codegen(GS) generates MATLAB® code for the tunable surface GS. The generated code is a function that takes the scalar values of the scheduling variables and returns the scalar-valued or matrix-valued gain, depending on GS.


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Create a tunable surface that represents a scalar gain with a bilinear dependence on two scheduling variables. Suppose that the scheduling variables are alpha, ranging from 0-15 degrees, and V, ranging from 300-600 m/s. The tunable surface covers a linearly spaced grid in this operating range.

[alpha,V] = ndgrid(0:3:15,300:50:600);
domain = struct('alpha',alpha,'V',V);
shapefcn = @(x,y) [x,y,x*y]; 
GS0 = tunableSurface('K',1,domain,shapefcn);

Usually, you use GS0 to parameterize a scheduled gain and tune the surface coefficients with systune. For this example, instead of tuning, manually set the coefficients to non-zero values.

GS = setData(GS0,[100,28,40,10]);

Generate MATLAB code that computes the scalar gain as a function of scheduling variables.

code = codegen(GS)
code = 
    'function Gain_ = fcn(alpha_,V_)
     % Type casting
     ZERO = zeros(1,1,'like',alpha_+V_);
     alpha_ = cast(alpha_,'like',ZERO);
     V_ = cast(V_,'like',ZERO);
     % Tuned gain surface coefficients
     Coeffs = cast([100 28 40 10],'like',ZERO);
     Offsets = cast([7.5 450],'like',ZERO);
     Scalings = cast([7.5 150],'like',ZERO);
     % Normalization 
     alpha_ = (alpha_ - Offsets(1))/Scalings(1);
     V_ = (V_ - Offsets(2))/Scalings(2);
     % Compute weighted sum of terms
     Y = [ alpha_ , V_ , alpha_*V_ ];
     Gain_ = Coeffs(1);
     for i=1:numel(Y)
        Gain_ = Gain_ + Coeffs(i+1) * Y(i);

The resulting code is a function, fcn, that takes two scheduling variables and returns a scalar gain. The function includes the %#codegen directive, so that it can be used for further code generation, such as implementing a tuned gain schedule in hardware.

The function includes four sections. The first section ensures that the scheduling variables are cast to the same type. The second section encodes the gain coefficients and the offsets and scalings that the software extracts from GS. These values are hard-coded into fcn, which can compute the gain surface without reference to GS. The third section uses these values to compute the normalized scheduling variables. (See tunableSurface for more information about normalization.)

The last section computes the gain by summing up all the terms in the polynomial expression for the gain surface.

Input Arguments

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Tunable gain surface, specified as a tunableSurface object.

Output Arguments

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Generated code for the gain surface, returned as a character array. The code contains a function, Gain_ = fcn(x1_,x2_,...,xN_), that computes the gain from the scheduling variables x1_,x2_,...,xN_ of GS. The expression relating the gain to the scheduling variables, the coefficients of the expression, and the normalization of the scheduling variables are all taken from GS, and the code can run without further reference to TS. The returned function includes the %#codegen directive so that it can be used for further code generation, such as implementing a tuned gain schedule in hardware.

When you use writeBlockValue to write tuned gain-surface coefficients from an slTuner interface to a MATLAB Function block, it uses this generated MATLAB code.

Version History

Introduced in R2017b