Is java.util.Hashtable more memory efficient than containers.Map / struct?

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I am saving large amounts of traffic data in a format suitable for real-time data analysis/visualisation. I need quick/constant access to traffic data corresponding to a given day/direction. At the moment, I am structuring my data as follows:
  • containers.Map containing one key per direction+date. The value is a struct with fields Speed (single array), Flow (single array), Incidents (array), etc.
The issue is that the files easily exceed 1GB, so I am trying to minimise their footprint.
I did a quick test storing 2 arrays of 100x100 uint8 in different formats and found java.util.Hashtable to be surprisingly small:
- array 20kB
- struct 29kB
- cell 24kB
- map 24kB
- java hashtable 8kB
I am considering to swap my containers.Map and structs with nested java hashTables. Is this a good idea? And how come the size of the file is so small for a java.Hashtable? (I am assuming some kind of compression is happening there)
Walter Roberson
Walter Roberson on 2 Mar 2022
Each place that can contain data of different size or type has a header of about 108 bytes (I think I found 104 bytes in one case.) Each field of each entry of a struct array has a different size / type so it can add up. Likewise each cell entry has the same overhead.
I seem to recall that I measured the storage space for fieldnames, but I do not clearly recall what I found. Possibly 64 bytes per field per struct array. (Struct arrays have the same organization for each entry so the field names do not need to be repeated.)

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