This example shows how to filter a noisy chirp signal with a lowpass filter that has a
tunable passband frequency. The filter is a Variable Bandwidth IIR Filter block with Filter type
Lowpass. This type of filter enables you to change the
passband frequency during simulation without having to redesign the whole filter. The
filter algorithm recomputes the filter coefficients whenever the passband frequency
model = 'ex_tunable_chirp_lowpass'; open_system(model);
The input signal is a noisy chirp sampled at 44.1 kHz. The chirp has an initial frequency of 5000 Hz and a target frequency of 8000 Hz.
The Variable Bandwidth IIR Filter block has a lowpass frequency response, with the passband frequency set to 2000 Hz.
After you configure the block parameters, simulate the model. In the initial configuration, the chirp sweeps from 5000 Hz to 8000 Hz which falls in the stopband of the filter. When the chirp input passes through this filter, the filter attenuates the chirp.
To tune the Passband frequency of the filter, in the Variable Bandwidth IIR Filter block dialog box, change Filter passband frequency (Hz) to 6000 Hz. Click Apply and the output of the Spectrum Analyzer changes immediately.
The chirp's sweep frequency ranges from 5000 to 8000 Hz. Part of this frequency range is in the passband and the remaining part is in the stopband. While in the filter's passband frequency, the chirp is unaffected.
While in the filter's stopband frequency, the chirp is attenuated.
During simulation, you can tune any of the tunable parameters in the model and see the effect on the filtered output real time.
Design Multirate Filters | Filter Frames of a Noisy Sine Wave Signal in MATLAB | Filter Frames of a Noisy Sine Wave Signal in Simulink | Introduction to Streaming Signal Processing in MATLAB | Lowpass IIR Filter Design in Simulink