Jonker-Volgenant global nearest neighbor assignment algorithm
returns a table of
unassignedcolumns] = assignjv(
assignments of detections to tracks using the
Jonker-Volgenant algorithm. The JV algorithm finds an optimal solution to the global nearest
neighbor (GNN) assignment problem by finding the set of assignments that minimize the total
cost of the assignments. The Jonker-Volgenant algorithm solves the GNN assignment in two
phases: begin with the auction algorithm and end with the Dijkstra shortest path
The cost of each potential assignment is contained in the cost
costmatrix. Each matrix entry represents the cost of a possible
assignments. Matrix rows represent tracks and columns represent detections. All possible
assignments are represented in the cost matrix. The lower the cost, the more likely the
assignment is to be made. Each track can be assigned to at most one detection and each detection
can be assigned to at most one track. If the number of rows is greater than the number of
columns, some tracks are unassigned. If the number of columns is greater than the number of
rows, some detections are unassigned. You can set an entry of
Inf to prohibit an assignment.
costofnonassignment represents the cost of leaving tracks or
detections unassigned. Higher values increase the likelihood that every existing object is
The function returns a list of unassigned tracks,
and a list of unassigned detections,
Assign Detections to Tracks Using Jonker-Volgenant Algorithm
Use assignjv to assign three detections to two tracks.
Start with two predicted track locations in x-y coordinates.
tracks = [1,1; 2,2];
Assume three detections are received. At least one detection will not be assigned.
dets = [1.1, 1.1; 2.1, 2.1; 1.5, 3];
Construct a cost matrix by defining the cost of assigning a detection to a track as the Euclidean distance between them. Set the cost of non-assignment to 0.2.
for i = size(tracks,1):-1:1 delta = dets - tracks(i,:); costMatrix(i,:) = sqrt(sum(delta .^ 2,2)); end costofnonassignment = 0.2;
Use the Auction algorithm to assign detections to tracks.
[assignments, unassignedTracks, unassignedDetections] = ... assignjv(costMatrix,costofnonassignment);
Display the assignments.
1 1 2 2
Show that there are no unassigned tracks.
Display the unassigned detections.
Plot the detection to track assignments.
plot(tracks(:, 1), tracks(:, 2), '*', dets(:, 1), dets(:, 2), 'o') hold on xlim([0,4]) ylim([0,4]) legend('tracks', 'detections') assignStr = strsplit(num2str(1:size(assignments,1))); text(tracks(assignments(:,1),1) + 0.1, ... tracks(assignments(:,1),2) - 0.1, assignStr); text(dets(assignments(:,2),1) + 0.1, ... dets(assignments(:,2),2) - 0.1, assignStr); text(dets(unassignedDetections(:),1) + 0.1, ... dets(unassignedDetections(:),2) + 0.1, 'unassigned');
The track to detection assignments are:
Detection 1 is assigned to track 1.
Detection 2 is assigned to track 2.
Detection 3 is not assigned.
costmatrix — Cost matrix
Cost matrix, specified as an M-by-N matrix.
M is the number of tracks to be assigned and N
is the number of detections to be assigned. Each entry in the cost matrix contains the
cost of a track and detection assignment. The matrix may contain
entries to indicate that an assignment is prohibited. The cost matrix cannot be a sparse
costofnonassignment — cost of non-assignment of tracks and detections
Cost of non-assignment, specified as a scalar. The cost of
non-assignment represents the cost of leaving tracks or
detections unassigned. Higher values increase the likelihood
that every object is assigned. The value cannot be set to
assignments — Assignment of tracks to detections
integer-valued L-by-2 matrix
Assignment of detections to track, returned as an integer-valued L-by-2 matrix where L is the number of assignments. The first column of the matrix contains the assigned track indices and the second column contains the assigned detection indices.
unassignedrows — Indices of unassigned tracks
integer-valued P-by-1 column vector
Indices of unassigned tracks, returned as an integer-valued P-by-1 column vector.
unassignedcolumns — Indices of unassigned detections
integer-valued Q-by-1 column vector
Indices of unassigned detections, returned as an integer-valued Q-by-1 column vector.
 Samuel S. Blackman and Popoli, R. Design and Analysis of Modern Tracking Systems. Artech House: Norwood, MA. 1999.