# Why does EdgeLighting on patches not work?

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Theo on 21 Oct 2011
Edited: Will on 29 Jul 2019
I'm trying to create a line on a surface with the EdgeLighting property set to phong (for example). An example code would be
[x,y,z] = sphere(40);
S = surf(x,y,z);
P = patch(x(32,:), y(32,:), z(32,:), 'k');
set(S, 'FaceLighting', 'phong', 'EdgeColor', 'none', 'FaceColor', 'inter');
set(P, 'EdgeLighting', 'phong', 'EdgeColor', 'k', 'FaceColor', 'none');
light
However, the line (patch) is not lit. In other words, replacing the ('EdgeLighting', 'phong') option to 'none' does not affect the figure. Does anybody spot the problem?
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Theo on 26 Oct 2011
Bumping this up, as it seems to be a fairly elementary issue. Any comments?

Patrick Kalita on 26 Oct 2011
It is being lit, just not the way you're expecting based on how the patch was created.
For example, after doing this...
[x,y,z] = sphere(40);
S = surf(x,y,z);
P = patch(x(32,:), y(32,:), z(32,:), 'k');
set(S, 'FaceLighting', 'phong', 'EdgeColor', 'none', 'FaceColor', 'inter');
set(P, 'EdgeLighting', 'phong', 'EdgeColor', 'k', 'FaceColor', 'none');
light
... view it from this angle ...
view(0, 50)
... now from this angle...
view(-90, 50)
The patch's edge certainly does change color based on its orientation relative to the light. I'm guessing you were expecting the patch to be lit similar to the surface, which obviously is not what's happening now. Right now, the light seems to affect the entire edge uniformly. That's because the patch is using automatically calculated normals:
get( P, 'VertexNormals' )
You can see all the normals are pointing the same direction, namely down. Hence the light has the same effect on each vertex. Using the one-dimensional X, Y, and Z data that you gave to the patch, the normal calculator couldn't have possibly know that the data represented part of a sphere -- so it did the best it could. But you can tell the patch to use normals more appropriate for this situation. The normals of a spherical surface are trivial:
N = [ get(P, 'XData') get(P, 'YData') get(P, 'ZData') ]; % Caution! this only works for a sphere!!!
set( P, 'VertexNormals', N )
view(180, 40)
Now the patch edge is lit as I think you were expecting.
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Will on 29 Jul 2019
For the record, the approach using surfnorm for any surface, not just the spherical example case, would be:
[nx, ny, nz] = surfnorm(x, y, z);
N = [nx(32,:); ny(32,:); nz(32,:)]';
set(P, 'VertexNormals', N)
I'm interested in how to apply this for a line across a surface that is not defined by the mesh of the surface. I've asked this in a separate question here.

### More Answers (1)

Walter Roberson on 24 Oct 2011
The OpenGL renderer does not support phong; this is documented in the Figure Properties page.
I do not see anything in your code that requires transparency, so you might be able to simply switch to zbuffer rendering of your figure.
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Theo on 24 Oct 2011
Issuing the command,
set(gcf, 'Renderer', 'Zbuffer')
does not seem to change the lighting on the edges. Nor does trying
set(P, 'Edgelighting', 'gouraud')