# Fmincon does not even try other points other than initial x0

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Conrado Neto on 10 Jun 2020
Commented: Conrado Neto on 11 Jun 2020
I am running into a problem I cannot understand,
I have an objective function that uses some external .exe programs to obtain its value, thus I believe a complex one
I ask matlab to provide the x values being used in the objective function at each iteration, and for some reason, fmincon always uses the exact same values of x0 several times, and then it says it found that the initial point is the local optimal.
wasn't fmincon supposed to try other values of x before getting to that final result? what could I be doing wrong?
• I tried the same code using ga and it does try different x and gives different results at each iteration, for that reason I believe the code I used for fmincon should not have any basic mistake (such as the objective function being constant).
thanks,

Matt J on 11 Jun 2020
Edited: Matt J on 11 Jun 2020
wasn't fmincon supposed to try other values of x before getting to that final result?
No, fmincon is a gradient-based solver (unlike ga) so if x0 is feasible and the gradient there is already zero, then fmincon has no reason to try other points. Often this happens because you have discretization operations like round() or ceil() in your objective function, which make it locally flat almost everwhere. For example, this 1D function is locally flat at all points except the integers:
fun=@(x) floor(x);
opts=optimoptions('fmincon','Display','none');
fplot(fun,[0,5]); xlabel 'x', ylabel 'Objective'
and therefore almost any initial point you choose will be locally optimal,
>> fmincon(fun,1.5,[],[],[],[],0,5,[],opts)
ans =
1.5000
>> fmincon(fun,2.7,[],[],[],[],0,5,[],opts)
ans =
2.7000
>> fmincon(fun,3.99,[],[],[],[],0,5,[],opts)
ans =
3.9900

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Conrado Neto on 11 Jun 2020
I noticed that your explaination is exactly m problem but I still dont know how to solve it
I am not using rouding operations, however indeed my objective function is not changing if the change in x is small
so I noticed that fmincon in is first (and other iterations) change x by only a small amount, what i believe results in local minimum (like the example you showed, right? or no?)
how can I control that?
this is probably a basic question so I do appreciate any guidance.
Matt J on 11 Jun 2020
Yes, some people manage to address the problem by increasing the DiffMinChange parameter. That way, the finite differencing operations used to calculate gradients will take larger steps. However, I think it is better to trace the cause of the local plateaus in the objective function and remove them.
Conrado Neto on 11 Jun 2020
Thanks again,
the problem is that due to the nature of the problem that I solving, a small change in x surely wont represent the actual change in the objective function. the change in the objective function would be a result of small "errors" in the calculation
in my analysis the change in x is only representative when it is significant.
so it does make sense to change the DiffMinChange parameter.
as a last question, do you happen to have any reference about solving a problem of this nature?

Alan Weiss on 11 Jun 2020
Alan Weiss
MATLAB mathematical toolbox documentation

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Conrado Neto on 11 Jun 2020
Thanks Alan