# Inconsistency of angle function in finding angle of vectors

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Aleem Andrew el 12 de Abr. de 2021
Respondida: Steven Lord el 12 de Abr. de 2021
Typing the command angle(1+i) yields an angle of 45 degrees, but typing angle(-1-2i) yields -2.0344. Why is the angle being measured clockwise from the x axis in one case and and counterclockwise in the other? Is there any more consistent way to find the angle of vectors, either measured clockwise or counterclockwise?
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the cyclist el 12 de Abr. de 2021
I would not characterize this as an inconsistency, so much as a convention to report the value in the range [-pi,pi], rather than the [0,2pi] that you expected. (I feel obligated to point out that this is quite explicit in the documentation.)
Regardless of your opinion on that, all you need to do is calculate the result modulus 2pi, to get what you want
mod(angle(1+i),2*pi)
ans = 0.7854
mod(angle(-2-i),2*pi)
ans = 3.6052
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### Más respuestas (1)

Steven Lord el 12 de Abr. de 2021
Typing the command angle(1+i) yields an angle of 45 degrees,
No it doesn't. It returns the equivalent angle in radians, however.
A1 = angle(1+1i)
A1 = 0.7854
A2 = 0.7854
abs(A2-A1)
ans = 0
but typing angle(-1-2i) yields -2.0344.
A3 = angle(-1-2i)
A3 = -2.0344
Correct.
Why is the angle being measured clockwise from the x axis in one case and and counterclockwise in the other?
From the documentation page for the angle function:
"theta = angle(z) returns the phase angle in the interval [-π,π] for each element of a complex array z. The angles in theta are such that z = abs(z).*exp(i*theta)."
If you want the angles to be in the interval [0, π] instead add the negative angle to 2*pi.
A3pos = 2*pi+A3
A3pos = 4.2487
theAngles = 2×1
-116.5651 243.4349
These angles are:
diff(theAngles)
ans = 360
360 degrees apart.
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