Sign Following Robot with Time Synchronization Using ROS and Gazebo Co-Simulation
This example shows how to use Simulink® to enable synchronized simulation between ROS and the Gazebo robot simulator using the Gazebo Pacer (Robotics System Toolbox) block.
This example builds upon the Sign Following Robot with ROS in Simulink example, which does not support synchronized simulation. Unsynchronized simulation can result in sensor data loss or delayed messages and simulation time mismatch. Gazebo Co-Simulation is ROS-independent, which enables it to synchronize the simulation times between Gazebo and Simulink when using the Gazebo Pacer block. For more details about Gazebo Co-Simulation, see Gazebo Simulation for Robotics System Toolbox (Robotics System Toolbox).
Start Robot Simulator
To follow along with this example:
Download and install the virtual machine with ROS and Gazebo. See Setup Gazebo Simulation Environment in Perform Co-Simulation between Simulink and Gazebo (Robotics System Toolbox).
Start the Ubuntu® virtual machine (VM) desktop.
On the Ubuntu desktop, click Gazebo Sign Follower ROS Co-Sim to start the Gazebo world built for this example.
Open Simulink Model
The Simulink model used in this example is based on the Simulink model used in the Sign Following Robot with ROS in Simulink example, with the addition of the Gazebo Pacer block.
Open the Simulink model.
You can add the Gazebo Pacer block to an existing ROS–Gazebo Simulink model, as shown in the model diagram, to enable synchronized simulation.
Configure Gazebo Pacer Block
Before simulating the model, configure Gazebo Co-Simulation using the Gazebo Pacer block.
Set Reset behavior to
Reset Gazebo simulation time and scene.
To configure the connection to the Gazebo simulation, click Configure Gazebo network and simulation settings.
Set Network Address to
Enter the Hostname/IP Address of the VM.
The default Port number for Gazebo is
14581. Check that the Port value is the same as in the
<portnumber>tag in the world file.
Set Response timeout to
Click Test to test the connection to the running Gazebo simulator.
Click OK to apply your changes.
Configure ROS Network
To configure the network settings for ROS:
From the Simulation tab, in the Prepare group, select ROS Network.
Specify the IP address and port number of the ROS master in Gazebo. For this example, the ROS master in Gazebo is
192.168.145.143:11311. Set Hostname/IP Address to
192.168.145.143and Port to
Click OK to apply your changes.
Run the model and observe this simulation behavior, in addition to the behavior of the robot in the robot simulator from the Sign Following Robot with ROS in Simulink example.
Simulink Time and Gazebo Time are synchronized.
The image readings from the camera are synchronized with the movement of the robot.
When you pause the Simulink model, the Gazebo simulation preserves the pause state, and the robot maintains its current position.
Enable Synchronization in Other ROS–Gazebo Examples in VM
To enable synchronization in other ROS–Gazebo examples, follow these steps.
Set Up Gazebo Plugin
In the VM for your ROS–Gazebo co-simulation, locate the Gazebo plugin required for synchronized simulation in
To rebuild or replace the plugin, follow the Gazebo plugin manual installation steps in Perform Co-Simulation between Simulink and Gazebo (Robotics System Toolbox).
Update Gazebo World File
Locate the shared library file of the synchronization plugin in
To activate the Gazebo plugin in any Gazebo world, add the shared library file details to the world file.
For the Sign Following Robot with ROS in Simulink example, the world file
mw_vision_world_newstopsign.worldis located in
mw_vision_world_newstopsign.worldand add these shared library details.
<plugin name="GazeboPlugin" filename="/home/user/src/GazeboPlugin/export/lib/libGazeboCoSimPlugin.so"><portNumber>14581</portNumber></plugin>
The code snippet of the updated world file shows the Gazebo plugin tag.