# Two-Winding Transformer (Three-Phase)

Three-phase linear nonideal wye- and delta-configurable two-winding transformer with saturation capability

**Library:**Simscape / Electrical / Passive / Transformers

## Description

The Two-Winding Transformer (Three-Phase) block represents a linear nonideal three-phase two-winding transformer that transfers electrical energy between two or more circuits through electromagnetic induction. The block includes linear winding leakage and linear core magnetization effects. You can parameterize the block impedance using per-unit values. The primary and secondary winding types, delta-wye phase angle, and core types are configurable.

The configuration options for both the primary and secondary windings are:

Wye with floating neutral — Star or T configuration with Floating Neutral (Three-Phase)

Wye with neutral port — Star or T configuration with Neutral Port (Three-Phase)

Wye with grounded neutral — Star or T configuration with Grounded Neutral (Three-Phase)

Delta 1 o'clock — Mesh configuration with a lagging 30 degree phase shift relative to the voltage of a connected wye configuration

Delta 11 o'clock — Mesh configuration with leading 30 degree phase shift relative to the voltage of a connected wye configuration

Options for the core type are:

Three-phase five-limb

Three-phase three-limb

Although a three-limb core is typically less expensive, a five-limb core offers these advantages:

Lower impedance for the zero-sequence component of current, that is between the line and neutral, in the case of an unbalanced load

Greater heat dissipation

### Equations

**Three-Limb Core**

This block is implemented in the magnetic domain using basic magnetic reluctances, windings, and eddy currents blocks.

It is important to determine the relation between the electrical domain parameters from the block mask and the magnetic domain parameters used in the model:

*n*is the number of the primary winding turns._{1}*n*is the number of the secondary winding turns._{2}*L*is the shunt magnetizing inductance._{m}*L*is the zero-sequence inductance._{0}*L*is the primary winding leakage inductance._{p}*L*is the secondary winding leakage inductance._{s}*R*is the shunt magnetizing resistance._{m}*R*is the magnetizing reluctance between phases.$$R=\frac{{n}_{1}^{2}}{{L}_{m}}$$

*R*is the zero sequence reluctance._{0}$${R}_{0}=\frac{1}{3}\frac{{n}_{1}^{2}}{{L}_{0}-{L}_{p}}$$

*Rl*is the primary winding leakage reluctance._{1}$$R{l}_{1}=\frac{{n}_{1}^{2}}{{L}_{p}}$$

*Rl*is the secondary winding leakage reluctance._{2}$$R{l}_{2}=\frac{{n}_{2}^{2}}{{L}_{s}}$$

*L*is the conductance of eddy current loop_{eddy}$${L}_{eddy}=\frac{{n}_{1}^{2}}{{R}_{m}}$$

For two-winding transformers (three-phase), the coupling between different windings in each phase is identical.

**Five-Limb Core**

In the case of a five-limb transformer, the extra magnetic flux paths provided by the extra limbs can be represented by zero sequence reluctances, which are originally designed for magnetic paths through the air in the three-limb transformer.

In a five-limb model, the magnetic reluctances from the phases to the extra limbs are supposed to be equal to the magnetic reluctances between phases.

$$R={R}_{0}$$

Therefore we deduce:

$$R={R}_{0}=\frac{{n}_{1}^{2}}{{L}_{m}}$$

### Display Options

You can display the transformer per-unit base values in the MATLAB^{®} command window using the block context menu. To display the values,
right-click the block and select **Electrical** > **Display Base Values**.

### Variables

To set the priority and initial target values for the block variables prior to simulation,
use the **Initial Targets** section in the block dialog box or Property
Inspector. For more information, see Set Priority and Initial Target for Block Variables.

Nominal values provide a way to specify the expected magnitude of a variable in a model.
Using system scaling based on nominal values increases the simulation robustness. Nominal
values can come from different sources, one of which is the **Nominal
Values** section in the block dialog box or Property Inspector. For more
information, see System Scaling by Nominal Values.

## Ports

### Conserving

## Parameters

## Model Examples

## Extended Capabilities

## Version History

**Introduced in R2019a**