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Plotting real time data in matlab with Ni-daq, but view the entire graph as it is plotting

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Toby W
Toby W on 8 Dec 2015
Edited: Toby W on 8 Nov 2018
Hi :)
I have some problems with some matlab code.
I want to make the code in matlab which can display a live plot of the data that I collect with a measuring instrument from national instruments (Ni-daq 6009), the signal I need to collect an EMG signal, which then represented as a real-time plot matlab.
So far I have made the following code from examples from mathworks http://se.mathworks.com/help/daq/examples/acquire-continuous-and-background-data-using-ni-devices.html, but it is constantly updating the axes so that the plot does not appear in just one plot with fixed x and y axes, but constantly updating, so i can only view one second at a time . But I want to show the graph in a plot which has a fixed x and y axis (eg. X, 0500, y, -500,500) and from there the signal is displayed as a running line in the same plot.
The code I have so far:
s = daq.createSession('ni');
addAnalogInputChannel(s,'Dev2', 0, 'Voltage');
s.Rate = 5000;
s.DurationInSeconds = 10;
s.NotifyWhenDataAvailableExceeds = 1000;
s
lh = addlistener(s,'DataAvailable', @(src,event) plot(event.TimeStamps,
event.Data));
s.startBackground();
Hope someone can help, i would be very thankfull :)

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Accepted Answer

Mike Garrity
Mike Garrity on 8 Dec 2015
This page and this page in the doc are pretty good introductions to some of the techniques you need here. Basically what you're missing is a call to drawnow that tells MATLAB that you want to update the figure.

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Toby W
Toby W on 13 Dec 2015
Aha, i tried to plot some sine waves with drawnow. But i dont seem to be able to use drawnow with the code i tried to make. It doesnt seem to work. Sorry, but im pretty new to programming, can you give some hints on how to implement drawnow in the code? :)
Thank you :)

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More Answers (3)

Bill York
Bill York on 11 Dec 2015
Mike is right. You need a call to drawnow in your listener. In this case you are asking for 5000 scans per second. That is faster than eye can observe so you'll want to limit the drawnow rate. Drawnow has an option called "limitrate" for this purpose.
If you call "drawnow limitrate" in your listener you'll get the plot updates.
You might also benefit from the "nocallbacks" option in this case. Try it out and let me know.

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Toby W
Toby W on 14 Dec 2015
Drawnow works but...
I have made the following code now, with drawnow:
devices = daq.getDevices
devices(1)
s.Rate = 5000
s = daq.createSession('ni');
addAnalogInputChannel(s,'Dev2', 0, 'Voltage');
data = s.inputSingleScan
s.DurationInSeconds = 10;
[data,time] = s.startForeground;
h = animatedline;
axis([0 10 -5 5])
xlabel('Tid (s)');
ylabel('Amplitude (V)');
x = time;
for k = 1:10000
y = data(k);
addpoints(h,x(k),y);
drawnow
end
This is working, but this is not updating live. It shows the data after it have been recorded, but i want to see the data plot in real time :)
I have tried to write s.startBackground() instead of s.startForeground, but that gives an error. Hope you can give me some good advice.
Thanks for your patiens :)

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Nauman Hafeez
Nauman Hafeez on 2 May 2018
Hi everyone,
"This is working, but this is not updating live. It shows the data after it have been recorded, but i want to see the data plot in real time :)"
I would appreciate if anyone has any clue about it? Plotting live data as it is being recorded. Or is there any way I can use startBackground function when I am having an output channel in the session?
Thank you

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sagoe gad
sagoe gad on 13 Sep 2018
Add your h object to the for loop.
for k = 1:10000
y = data(k);
h=animatedline;
addpoints(h,x(k),y);
drawnow
end

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