Error due to variable size data in Matlab function block

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Hi all,
I have a problem that many others had before, so I read some discussions and references before asking the following:
I have a Matlab function block in Simulink, which would like to be a modulator. It gets as input a [nx1] frame of data and should return a an [lx1] frame, where either l=n or l = n/K, for some K which divides n.
However, the (very simplyfied extract of) code
function ak = Modulator(dataFrame,dataType)
M = 4;
if dataType == 1 %input is a binary stream, bit mapping required
ak = zeros(round(length(dataFrame)/log2(M)),1);
else % input data is a stream of integer
ak = zeros(length(dataFrame),1);
Doesn't compile because
"Data 'ak' is inferred as a variable size matrix, while its specified type is something else."
Now, in line 2 I specified that it is a variable size matrix, and I also used an if/else constructor to initialize it.
To make the compiler happy, one may check the "Variable number of columns" checkbox for ak, in the Data and Ports Manager, but this turns out in a new error, because the blocks in cascade don't accept variable data, at least the ones I need, like digital filters.
Thanks for any help, Luca

Accepted Answer

Kaustubha Govind
Kaustubha Govind on 17 Jun 2013
Since your signal changes size at run-time, configuring the MATLAB Function block to output a variable-size signal using the Ports and Data Manager is the right thing to do. If the rest of the blocks do not accept variable-size signals, then you will need to deal with that issue, perhaps by limiting yourself to blocks that do accept variable-size signals, or implementing custom blocks to do what you need.
Prajakta Nadgir
Prajakta Nadgir on 18 Nov 2015
I had similar issue. Because 'tunable' was marked for a parameter defining size of output matrix, MATLAB was guessing the size as variable...thank you for the answer...!!!

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More Answers (1)

Stefanie Schwarz
Stefanie Schwarz on 25 Nov 2020
You can also see this MATLAB Answers post for an overview and instructions with screenshots:

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