gregorian

Create Gregorian antenna

Description

The gregorian object creates a horn conical fed Gregorian antenna. A Gregorian antenna is a parabolic antenna. In this antenna, the feed antenna is mounted at or behind the surface of the main parabolic reflector and aimed at the subreflector. This antenna is used in radio telescopes and communication satellites. For more information see, Architecture of Gregorian Antenna.

Creation

Description

example

ant = gregorian creates a horn conical fed Gregorian antenna with a default operating frequency of 18.48 GHz. This antenna gives maximum gain when operated at 18.3 GHz.

ant = gregorian(Name,Value) sets properties using one or more name-value pairs. For example, ant = gregorian('FocalLength',[0.4 0.22]) creates a Gregorian antenna with the main reflector of focal length 0.4 m and the subreflector of focal length 0.22 m.

Output Arguments

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Gregorian antenna, returned as a gregorian object.

Properties

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Antenna type used as exciter, specified as an antenna object.

Example: 'Exciter',dipole

Example: ant.Exciter = dipole

Radius of the main and subreflector, specified as a two-element vector with each element unit in meters. The first element specifies the radius of the main reflector, and the second element specifies the radius of the subreflector.

Example: 'Radius',[0.4 0.2]

Example: ant.Radius = [0.4 0.2]

Data Types: double

Focal length of the main and subreflector, specified as a two-element vector with each element unit in meters. The first element specifies the focal length of the main reflector, and the second element specifies the focal length of the subreflector.

Example: 'FocalLength',[0.35 0.2]

Example: ant.FocalLength = [0.35 0.2]

Data Types: double

Lumped elements added to the antenna feed, specified as a lumped element object handle. You can add a load anywhere on the surface of the antenna. By default, the load is at the feed. For more information, see lumpedElement.

Example: 'Load',lumpedelement. lumpedelement is the object handle for the load created using lumpedElement.

Example: ant.Load = lumpedElement('Impedance',75)

Tilt angle of the antenna, specified as a scalar or vector with each element unit in degrees. For more information, see Rotate Antennas and Arrays.

Example: 'Tilt',90

Example: 'Tilt',[90 90],'TiltAxis',[0 1 0;0 1 1] tilts the antenna at 90 degree about two axes, defined by vectors.

Data Types: double

Tilt axis of the antenna, specified as:

  • Three-element vectors of Cartesian coordinates in meters. In this case, each vector starts at the origin and lies along the specified points on the X-, Y-, and Z-axes.

  • Two points in space, each specified as three-element vectors of Cartesian coordinates. In this case, the antenna rotates around the line joining the two points in space.

  • A string input describing simple rotations around one of the principal axes, 'X', 'Y', or 'Z'.

For more information, see Rotate Antennas and Arrays.

Example: 'TiltAxis',[0 1 0]

Example: 'TiltAxis',[0 0 0;0 1 0]

Example: ant.TiltAxis = 'Z'

Object Functions

showDisplay antenna or array structure; Display shape as filled patch
axialRatioAxial ratio of antenna
beamwidthBeamwidth of antenna
chargeCharge distribution on metal or dielectric antenna or array surface
currentCurrent distribution on metal or dielectric antenna or array surface
designDesign prototype antenna or arrays for resonance at specified frequency
EHfieldsElectric and magnetic fields of antennas; Embedded electric and magnetic fields of antenna element in arrays
impedanceInput impedance of antenna; scan impedance of array
meshMesh properties of metal or dielectric antenna or array structure
meshconfigChange mesh mode of antenna structure
patternRadiation pattern and phase of antenna or array; Embedded pattern of antenna element in array
patternAzimuthAzimuth pattern of antenna or array
patternElevationElevation pattern of antenna or array
returnLossReturn loss of antenna; scan return loss of array
sparametersS-parameter object
vswrVoltage standing wave ratio of antenna

Examples

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Create and view a default Gregorian antenna.

ant = gregorian
ant = 
  gregorian with properties:

        Exciter: [1×1 hornConical]
         Radius: [0.3175 0.0330]
    FocalLength: [0.2536 0.1416]
           Tilt: 0
       TiltAxis: [1 0 0]
           Load: [1×1 lumpedElement]

show(ant)

Plot the radiation pattern of the antenna at 18.48 GHz.

pattern(ant,18.48e9)

More About

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Introduced in R2019b