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Trace An End-Effector Trajectory with Inverse Kinematics in Simulink

Use a rigid body robot model to compute inverse kinematics using Simulink®. Define a trajectory for the robot end effector and loop through the points to solve robot configurations that trace this trajectory.

Import a robot model from a URDF (unified robot description format) file as a RigidBodyTree object.

robot = importrobot('iiwa14.urdf');
robot.DataFormat = 'column';

View the robot.

ax = show(robot);

Specify a robot trajectory. These xyz-coordinates draw an N-shape in front of the robot.

x = 0.5*zeros(1,4)+0.25;
y = 0.25*[-1 -1 1 1];
z = 0.25*[-1 1 -1 1] + 0.75;

hold on
plot3(x,y,z,'--r','LineWidth',2,'Parent',ax)
hold off

Open a model that performs inverse kinematics. The xyz-coordinates defined in MATLAB® are converted to homogeneous transformations and input as the desired Pose. The output inverse-kinematic solution is fed back as the initial guess for the next solution. This initial guess helps track the end-effector pose and generate smooth configurations.

You can press the callback button to regenerate the robot model and trajectory you just defined.

close
open_system('sm_ik_trajectory_model.slx')

% Run the simulation. The model should generate the robot configurations (configs) that follow the specified trajectory for the end effector.

sim('sm_ik_trajectory_model.slx')

Loop through the robot configurations and display the robot for each time step. Store the end-effector positions in xyz.

figure('Visible','on');
tformIndex = 1;
for i = 1:10:numel(configs.Data)/7
    currConfig = configs.Data(:,1,i);
    show(robot,currConfig);
    drawnow

    xyz(tformIndex,:) = tform2trvec(getTransform(robot,currConfig,'iiwa_link_ee'));
    tformIndex = tformIndex + 1;
end

Draw the final trajectory of the end effector as a black line. The figure shows the end effector tracing the N-shape originally defined (red dotted line).

figure('Visible','on')
show(robot,configs.Data(:,1,end));

hold on
plot3(xyz(:,1),xyz(:,2),xyz(:,3),'-k','LineWidth',3);
plot3(x,y,z,'--r','LineWidth',3)
hold off

See Also

Objects

Blocks

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